Fast-Start Financing for Adaptation Projects and Initiatives
Canada recognizes the importance of helping to build capacity in the poorest and most vulnerable countries to adapt to the adverse effects of climate change. In this regard, strengthening local knowledge and research capacity is a good way to help build appropriate solutions to specific local, national, or regional challenges. The following adaptation projects and initiatives were financed by Canada’s fast-start finance contribution:
Funding Recipient/Project: Haiti - Local Governance for Risk and Disaster Management
Canada’s Contribution: $4.5 million
Targeted Country/Region: Haiti
Funding Period: 2010/2011
Project Description: Canada provided fast-start financing to Haiti to help communities more effectively respond to the negative impacts of climate change, and to reduce vulnerability to natural disasters through the rehabilitation and the protection of watersheds, the promotion of sustainable management of agriculture and forestry resources, and the promotion of water conservation.
Projects in which the funds were invested in have been very successful and have contributed to the following results:
- the implementation of environmental management plans, including: the planting of 500,000 trees, the installation of 2912 cubic meters of gabion cages, the rehabilitation of 253km of shorelines and the planting of cuttings of wild herbs along 1237 km of river embankments to help slopes better withstand flood waters and prevent flooding;
- an increase in soil productivity, conservation and recovery against erosion and the reduction of risks related with natural disasters, such as floods and landslides; planting activities have contributed to increase the income of local producers and to diminish food insecurity;
- the construction of 14,650 meters of irrigation corridors to increase the amount of irrigated perimeters and agricultural production; and, increased awareness in communities of the potential impacts of climate change and the benefits of reforestation activities undertaken in their area.
Support Program to Respond to Climate Change in Vietnam
Canada’s Contribution: $3 million of Canada's fast-start financing, combined with other international assistance resources, for a total of $4.45 million
Targeted Country/Region: Vietnam
Funding Period: 2010/11
Project Description: This fast-start contribution provided budget support to the Government of Vietnam for its climate change efforts.
Results Achieve/Expected: To date, the efforts made by the Government of Vietnam has lead to the following results:
- the adoption of a National Strategy on Climate Change in January 2012 and the establishment of a National Committee on Climate Change chaired by the Vietnamese Prime Minister;
- the assessment of climate change impacts and the development of climate change and sea level rise scenarios;
- the development of master plans for irrigation management in the Mekong River Delta, Red River Delta and central region and flood control plans for major cities including Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Can Tho and Hai Phong;
- the development and implementation of action plans to respond to climate change. Seven out 11 relevant ministries and 10 out of 64 cities/provinces have developed their respective action plans to respond to climate change and are moving into implementation.
World Food Programme - Managing Environmental Resources to Enable Transitions
Canada’s Contribution: $7 million of Canada's fast start financing was combined with other international assistance resources, for a contribution totaling $15 million to this World Food Programme
Targeted Country/Region: Ethiopia
Funding Period: 2010/11
Project Description: The World Food Programme's (WFP) Managing Environmental Resources to Enable Transitions (MERET) project targets communities to improve their food security and resilience to climate change through the rehabilitation of degraded watersheds and the construction of community infrastructure such as rural roads and water points. Participating households provide labour in exchange for food rations on initiatives such as a tree planting, the construction of structures designed to reduce soil erosion and increase water retention and the enclosure of these treated watersheds to prevent grazing from free-range livestock.
Results Achieved/Expected: The project operates in 72 highly vulnerable and chronically food-insecure districts throughout Ethiopia. Each year approximately 122,000 people in crisis-prone food-insecure communities benefit from the project. Progress is also being made towards the institutionalization of sustainable land management at both the government and community levels. These initiatives include the training of government and community members in participatory watershed management and the establishment of user groups to manage community assets.
Funding Recipient/Project: Honduras - Building Capacity to Assess Infrastructure vulnerability in Collaboration with Engineers Canada
Canada’s Contribution: $750,000
Targeted Country/Region: Honduras
Funding Period: 2011/12 and 2012/13
Project Description: This initiative supports the assessment by Honduran experts and officials of the vulnerability of public infrastructures to climate impacts
Results Achieved/Expected: Work currently underway. Two capacity building workshops on risk assessment of infrastructure to climate change workshops were conducted. Workshops were attended by members of the Honduras government, IDB, municipalities, members of academic and industry. The project was already featured in a national hondurian newspaper. Additional capacity-building activities and training workshops will be held in FY 2012-2013.
International Development Research Center - Climate Change Adaptation Research Support
Canada’s Contribution: $30 million
Targeted Country/Region: Africa, Latin America, the Caribbean and Asia
Funding Period: 2010/11, 2011/12
Project Description: Canada’s International Development Research Center (IDRC) has received a significant portion of Canadian fast-start financing in order to strengthen research on climate change impacts through direct financial and technical support to research institutions in developing countries. Through this programming, IDRC is partnering with more than 20 institutions across the world.
Canada first contributed $10 million to the African Adaptation Research Centres (AARC) initiative to support seven centres of excellence across Africa to conduct research and build organizational strength on climate change adaptation. Building upon this, Canada provided an additional $20 million to IDRC for the Climate Change Adaptation Research Initiative which will help build national capacity to produce scientific advice and expert assessments to guide adaptation investments and policy decisions in Latin America, the Caribbean and Asia.
Results Achieved/Expected: Researchers in African Adaptation Research Centers are improving farmers’ access to accurate local weather information and are working with them to test low-cost irrigation techniques for coping with drought. AARC have also led to the construction of reservoirs adjacent tofarmers’ fields to capture rainwater and surface runoff for use during dry periods. This helps to ensure water is available throughout the year, allowing for increased agricultural yields. Researchers are measuring the economic costs and benefits of reservoirs to determine the value of investing in them as part of climate change adaptation strategies
To date, eight students have been engaged in the project and five have already successfully completed their graduate research projects (thesis/memoire), building future expertise. Preliminary research results have been presented at a regional conference. Projects in Latin America, the Caribbean and Asia will soon be launched.
International Development Research Centre and World Health Organization - Building African countries’ resilience to vector-borne diseases
Canada’s Contribution: $7.5 million
Targeted Country/Region: Africa
Funding Period: 2011/12
Project Description: In Africa’s arid zones, water resources are hot spots for disease transmission – a situation worsening under climate change. IDRC launched this initiative to build African countries’ resilience to vector-borne diseases (VBD). This initiative will explore how VBD control strategies can help vulnerable groups adapt to climate impacts, improve capacities in Africa to generate knowledge and apply it in policies that protect health.
Results Achieved/Expected: Up to seven three-year projects of US$600,000 each will be selected for funding through a competition. Research results are expected to inform disease-control policies and strategies at various levels.
International Fund for Agriculture and Development (IFAD) – Smallholder Adaptation Program
Canada’s Contribution: $19.9 million
Targeted Country/Region: LDCs
Funding Period: 2011/2012
Project Description: IFAD’s Agriculture Smallholder Adaptation Program (ASAP) is a new multi-donor grant co-financing programme that will be used to invest in climate resilience for smallholders.
Results Achieved/Expected: Grants will be blended with wider IFAD and client-supported operations to have maximum leverage. Investment areas will depend on the needs identified by partner communities, but are likely to include water resource management for smallholders, sustainable agriculture production techniques, more resilient rural infrastructure, capacity building, and climate information services for smallholders.
Funding Recipient: Least Developed Countries Fund (LDCF)
Canada's Contribution: $20 million
Funding Period: 2010/11
Targeted Country/Region: 49 least developed countries
Project Description: The Least Developed Countries Fund (LDCF) addresses the urgent needs of the 49 least developed countries that are especially vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. The Fund supports the implementation of National Adaptation Programmes of Action on Climate Change (NAPAs) in these countries. Canada is the 5th largest donor to the LDCF.
Results Achieved to Date: The fund has helped least developed countries make substantial progress on urgent adaptation issues. As of October 1, 2011, a total of 46 of 49 NAPAs have been completed and 33 LCDF projects have been approved.
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