Canada's Continental Action

Canada's economy is integrated with the United States' to the point where it makes no sense to proceed without aligning a range of principles, policies, regulations and standards.

Aligned Vehicle Regulations

In 2014, final regulations limiting emissions from cars and light trucks model years 2017 and beyond were released, building on the final regulations already in place for model years 2011-2016. As a result of the regulations, it is projected that the average greenhouse gas emissions from 2025 vehicles will be reduced by about 50% from those sold in 2008.

The Government of Canada also announced that it intends to start developing more stringent standards to further reduce GHG emissions and fuel consumption from post-2018 model year heavy-duty vehicles and engines, building on existing regulations for the 2014 to 2018 model years. As a result of the existing regulations, GHG emissions from 2018 model-year heavy-duty vehicles will be reduced by up to 23 per cent.

These initiatives are aligned with those of the United States. Given the close integration of economies between both countries, common Canada–United States standards deliver significant health and environmental benefits while supporting the competitiveness of Canadian businesses. Common standards lower the compliance costs of Canadian vehicle manufacturers and fuel refiners, which ultimately benefits consumers.

Canada-U.S. Clean Energy Dialogue

Canada and the United States have established the Clean Energy Dialogue, which is enhancing joint collaboration on the development of clean energy science and technologies to reduce greenhouse gases and combat climate change. 

Canada-U.S. collaboration under the Clean Energy Dialogue is being advanced in three key areas:

  • clean energy research and development;
  • the development and deployment of clean energy technologies, including carbon capture and storage; and
  • building a more efficient electricity grid based on clean and renewable energy.